Source: Tech Economy – 23 Ottobre 2014
Milan, Bologna, Florence: these are the smartest city of Italy according to ICity Rate 2014, the FORUM PA smartest city rank realized for Smart City Exhibition of Bologna. Analyzing 106 cities based on 72 statistical indexes – from added value for work unit to twitter followers of local administration – the findings presented today highlight the smartness of Italian cities through six dimensions: economy, living, environment, people, mobility and governance.
Milan with 623 points is the first and gains two position on 2013; second for few points Bologna (610 points) and third Florence (558 points) that this year gains four positions. A big growth for Venice, which is raised from 10th to 6th position and Rome which gains 11 positions, from 23rd to 12th place. Compared with 2013 rank the gap between north and south Italy is bigger. The rank is practically divided into two parts. The best city of South Italy is Cagliari, at the 60th place, followed by Pescara (62nd) and L’Aquila (64th).
“As ex New York City Mayor Bloomber wrote: If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it. And this has been especially true during the last years, when social, economic, environmental and cultural phenomena are more complexes, well-structured and fragmented. – says Gianni Dominici, Forum Pa Director and Smart City Exhibition administrator – Icity Rate is a free tool available to anyone working for the cities and who wants to understand ongoing processes. It gives a set of indexes such as transparency and completeness fundamental for the spread of a new city management culture, which uses knowledge to make decisions”.
Milan is at the first place for many dimensions: is first in economy and living (livability and urban vitality), second in people (human and social capital quality) and third for mobility. In the economic dimensions Milan is the first for three indexes: productivity (added value for work unit is 74.000 euro while the national average is 59.000 euro) directionality (on a scale of 10.000 there are more than 20 enterprises with more than 250 employees while in the rest of Italy are 8) and patent intensity (90 patents every 10.000 work units while national average is 23,5). As regard living dimension Milan is at the first place both for residential connections (maximum average speed for ADSL consumer) and cultural internationalization (51,6 euro export per capita of artistic, creative and entertainment activities, 10 times higher than national value) and sharing economy.
As regard environment big cities performances downsizes. Trento is the first, followed by Belluno and Matera, the first city of the South Italy.
Venice wins in mobility dimension, thanks to standard outcomes, such as “shared mobility propensity” (707 passengers on public local lines, while in other cities the average is 189), both for accessibility and local mobility, but also smart transportation. Bologna and Milan follow in the rank.
Ravenna, thanks to good scores in “entertainment participation” (1.994 tickets registered by SIAE every 100 citizens while national average is 394), in “gender equity in employment rate” (relation between female and male rate is 0.85 while national average is 0.72), overtakes the winners (Milan, Florence and Bologna) for the people dimension.
Florence, Turin and Bologna, win for the governance dimension. Florence wins thanks to the number of open dataset (more than 100), set of communication tools, social report and number of followers on twitter (second with 7,16 followers every 100 citizens after Turin which have 9,25). The first city of South Italy for this dimension is Cagliari at 50th place.