The survey Open Data Index, realized every year Open Knowledge by foundation, analyzed the distribution and accessibility of data of public interests globally, making a rank of the Countries that make available the best sets of open data.
Open Data by Open Knowledge definition is any content free to use, re-use and redistribute for any purpose.
The first index is that only 11% of global information is available in an open format and is available to everyone.
The index considers availability and accessibility of data from ten areas, among which government spending, election results, company register, and transport timetables.
Open Knowledge make a specific rank for every Country with the categories that are more accessible, giving a score that corresponds to the total of the breakdowns of every single category. In order to obtain a 100% score data of each category may be:
2. Digital; data that can be accessed from a computer;
3. Public; can be accessed by the public and are not restricted;
6. Machine readable; jpe files, for example, are not machine readable;
7. Available in a bulk; the whole dataset can be downloaded easily and download is not restricted to single parts of it;
8. Open licensed; data must be free to use, re-use and redistribute;
9. Provided on a timely and up to data basis.
At the top of the rank is The UK with a total score of 96%, followed by Denmark and France.
Italy is at the 25th place. Italian datasets obtain the best score at the areas of election results and national statistics. The worst situation is in the area of government spending. Italy, indeed do not have a regulation on free access to public administration information.
Generally, most of Western Countries show problems on the area of government spending. Indeed, although balance sheets and budgets are available, it is not true for details of single items of expenditure.
Only 2 Countries in 97 (The UK and Greece), indeed, show details of govern expenditures. The UK has also opted for ODF format for public organizations’ documents.